# LCM AND HCF SHORTCUT METHODS FOR SOLVING IN SECONDS IN MIND

Shortcut methods of Finding LCM and HCF: Lowest common multiple LCM and Highest Common Factor HCF are the most used methods of Mathematics and also the most important as they are used in finding the solution of many other question’s solution. With these shortcut methods of finding LCM and HCF, you can easily solve LCM and HCF of two or more numbers in your mind in seconds.
So here are the shortcut methods or formulas of finding the LCM and HCF of numbers
First let us discuss shortcut formula of finding the LCM of numbers.
When you practice this method, you can easily solve LCM of numbers in seconds in your mind. The below give method can easily be used to solve LCM of numbers in seconds without the use of paper work.
THE BELOW GIVEN METHOD OF FINDING LCM OF NUMBERS IS ONE OF THE BEST IF PRACTICED BETTER.
Here is an example.
Suppose you are given a question:
Find the LCM of 12, 18?
Now here is the shortcut formula for solution of LCM of two numbers or more numbers given above.
Step 1:
pick the highest of the given numbers of whom we have to find the LCM.
In the above example question, pick 18 as it is highest among 12 and 18.
Step 2: check it whether it can be divided by other number(s). if you can divide it, then it means your answer is that highest number. But if you cannot divide it by other number(s), then follow the step 3 given below.
In the above example, check 18 whether it can be divided by 12 or not. Since 18 cannot be divided by 12, so move on to step 3.

Step 3: multiply the highest number to 2,3,4,… and so on till you find that number which can also be divided by the other number(s).
In the above problem, multiply 18 to 2 in your mind, it is equal to 36. Now check it whether it can be divided by 12. Since 36 can be divided by 12,
so 36 is the LCM of 12,18.
Now let us take another example.
Find the LCM of 2, 3, 5?
Shortcut formula: pick 5 since it is highest number among the three. Now check it whether it can be divided by 2 and 3. 5 cannot be divided by 2 and 3. Now think of 5x2= 10 (since you know the table of 5). Check whether it can be divided by 2 and 3. It again cannot be divided. Now think of 15 then 20 then 25 then 30. Now 30 is that number which can be divided by 2 and 3.
So the LCM of 2, 3, 5 is 30.
When you practice this method, you can easily solve LCM of numbers in seconds in your mind.
Here is an alternate basic method of finding LCM of Numbers
LCM of numbers: find all the factors of numbers. Now multiply the prime factors but the common prime factors should be multiplied
For example
Find LCM of 12, 15?
The prime factors of 12 are 2, 2 and 3 because 12= 2x2x3
The prime factors of 15 are 3 and 5 because 15= 3x5
Now multiply each prime factor but the common prime factors should be multiplied once  i.e. since 3 is common prime factor among the factors given above, so we will multiply 3 only once. So the LCM of 12 and 15 is 2x2x3x5= 60
Shortcut method of finding HCF (Highest common factor)
To find the HCF of numbers, first prime factors of given numbers. Now multiply all the common prime factors.
Let us take an example.
Find the HCF of 42, 70?
Solution: list the prime factors of both numbers.
42= 2x3x7
70= 2x5x7
Now find the common prime factor. The common prime factors are 2 and 7. So multiply 2 and 7.
2x7= 14
So the HCF of 42 and 70 is 14.